Available imaging tests include: CT scan, MRI, barium swallow, radionuclide bone scan and/or standard X-rays. Surgical and percutaneous needle biopsy (a procedure in which a needle is inserted through the skin to obtain a sample of questionable tissue) can also be performed, if necessary. Most head and neck cancers are treatable when detected early.
Surgical treatment may include resection with reconstruction. Because of surgical advances, normal functioning of the larynx can be preserved in many cases. When extensive surgery is required, reconstruction is often initiated immediately. Comprehensive rehabilitation services are offered and include speech and swallowing therapy.